JPI Climate & JPI Oceans - Joint Transnational Call on Next Generation Climate Science in Europe for Oceans

Indeed, oceans play a key role in the climate system and are also affected by climate change. Uncertainties of climate-ocean interactions and its buffered actions for heat and CO2 absorption call for more progress on observations and modelling.

Europe already makes substantial contributions at a national level to the IPCC and the World Climate Research Program. However, addressing the grand challenges of climate science requires stronger and immediate transnational action to

  • strengthen climate knowledge,
  • enable informed societal transformation and
  • mitigate and adapt to climate change.

This Joint Call focuses on oceans and climate, using observations and Earth System Models in order to address the following topics:

  • Strengthening our understanding of climate variability and extremes resulting from the interactions with the oceans such as extratropical and tropical cyclones, and how they are affected by climate change on a range of time scales.
  • Improving the representation of air-sea interactions, physical and biogeochemical ocean processes in Earth System Models to better represent small-scale non-linear processes as well as water, energy and carbon cycles. Model-data analyses using innovative approaches will be welcome.
  • Improving estimates of climate change induced modifications of ocean physics and ocean chemistry, associated with biogeochemical cycles, including ocean acidification and carbon sequestration.

Details of the call and the application process are provided via JPI Climate ( and JPI Oceans (