JPI Climate & JPI Oceans - Joint Transnational Call on Next Generation Climate Science in Europe for Oceans
Indeed, oceans play a key role in the climate system and are also affected by climate change. Uncertainties of climate-ocean interactions and its buffered actions for heat and CO2 absorption call for more progress on observations and modelling.
Europe already makes substantial contributions at a national level to the IPCC and the World Climate Research Program. However, addressing the grand challenges of climate science requires stronger and immediate transnational action to
- strengthen climate knowledge,
- enable informed societal transformation and
- mitigate and adapt to climate change.
This Joint Call focuses on oceans and climate, using observations and Earth System Models in order to address the following topics:
- Strengthening our understanding of climate variability and extremes resulting from the interactions with the oceans such as extratropical and tropical cyclones, and how they are affected by climate change on a range of time scales.
- Improving the representation of air-sea interactions, physical and biogeochemical ocean processes in Earth System Models to better represent small-scale non-linear processes as well as water, energy and carbon cycles. Model-data analyses using innovative approaches will be welcome.
- Improving estimates of climate change induced modifications of ocean physics and ocean chemistry, associated with biogeochemical cycles, including ocean acidification and carbon sequestration.